Linda Li

Senior Research Scientist of Clinical Epidemiology, BSc(PT), MSc, PhD


  • Harold Robinson Chair / Arthritis Society Chair in Arthritic Diseases
  • Associate Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia

Research Interests

  • Models of care in the management of arthritis
  • Development and evaluation of knowledge translation strategies

Dr. Linda Li is an Associate Professor in the Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia. In 2006, she was the first rehabilitation professional appointed as Harold Robinson / Arthritis Society Chair in Arthritic Diseases.

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She completed her Bachelor of Science in Physiotherapy at McGill University and Master’s of Science at the University of Western Ontario. She earned a Doctorate in Clinical Epidemiology at the University of Toronto in 2004. Two years later, she completed a CIHR-funded Post-doctoral Fellowship in knowledge translation at the Ottawa Health Research Institute.


Dr. Li’s research and academic activities focus in two areas: models of care in the management of arthritis, and the development and evaluation of knowledge translation strategies. Her research centres on assessing health service delivery models, and understanding and facilitating the use of evidence by health professionals and patients. Areas of methodological expertise include clinical epidemiology, knowledge translation, clinical trials, and survey design.


As the lead investigator of a randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of Primary Therapist Model, Dr. Li examined the value of extended roles of physiotherapists and occupational therapists in the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The results showed that patients with RA can achieve better clinical outcomes after treatment from a rheumatology-trained primary therapist as compared to a physical therapy and/or occupational therapy generalist. Her research has challenged the thinking around traditional roles of rehabilitation therapists and the discipline-specific model in arthritis care.


Li LC, Sayre EC, Xie H, Clayton C, Feehan LM. A Community-Based Physical Activity Counselling Program for People With Knee Osteoarthritis: Feasibility and Preliminary Efficacy of the Track-OA Study. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2017 Jun 26;5(6):e86. doi: 10.2196/mhealth.7863. PubMed PMID: 28652228.


Hamilton CB, Leese JC, Hoens AM, Li LC. Framework for Advancing the Reporting of Patient Engagement in Rheumatology Research Projects. Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2017 Jul;19(7):38. doi: 10.1007/s11926-017-0666-4. Review. PubMed PMID: 28631065.


Inskip JA, Lauscher HN, Li LC, Dumont GA, Garde A, Ho K, Hoens AM, Road JD, Ryerson CJ, Camp PG. Patient and health care professional perspectives on using telehealth to deliver pulmonary rehabilitation. Chron Respir Dis. 2017 Jan 1:1479972317709643. doi: 10.1177/1479972317709643. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28569116.


Li LC, Shaw C, Lacaille D, Yacyshyn E, Jones CA, Koehn C, Hoens AM, Geldman J, Sayre EC, Macdonald G, Leese J, Bansback N. Effects of a Web-Based Patient Decision Aid on Biologic and Small Molecule Agents for Rheumatoid Arthritis, ANSWER-2: A Proof-of-Concept Study. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2017 May 23. doi: 10.1002/acr.23287. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28544648.


Kopec JA, Cibere J, Li LC, Zhang C, Barber M, Qian H, Wong H, Steininger G, Prlic H, Simatovic J, Ratzlaff C, Sayre EC, Ye J, Forster BB, Esdaile JM; IMPAKT-HIP Study Team. Relationship between physical activity and hip pain in persons with and without cam or pincer morphology: a population-based case-control study. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2017 Jul;25(7):1055-1061. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2017.02.795. Epub 2017 Feb 20. PubMed PMID: 28219714.


Gianola S, Frigerio P, Agostini M, Bolotta R, Castellini G, Corbetta D, Gasparini M, Gozzer P, Guariento E, Li LC, Pecoraro V, Sirtori V, Turolla A, Andreano A, Moja L. Completeness of Outcomes Description Reported in Low Back Pain Rehabilitation Interventions: A Survey of 185 Randomized Trials. Physiother Can. 2016;68(3):267-274. PubMed PMID: 27909376; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5125456.


Feehan LM, Goldsmith CH, Leung AY, Li LC. SenseWearMini and Actigraph GT3X Accelerometer Classification of Observed Sedentary and Light-Intensity Physical Activities in a Laboratory Setting. Physiother Can. 2016;68(2):116-123. PubMed PMID: 27909358; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5125482.


Davis JC, Hsu CL, Cheung W, Brasher PM, Li LC, Khan KM, Sykes J, Skelton DA, Liu-Ambrose T. Can the Otago falls prevention program be delivered by video? A feasibility study. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2016 Feb 4;2(1):e000059. eCollection PubMed PMID: 27900151; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5117025.


Slater H, Dear BF, Merolli MA, Li LC, Briggs AM. Use of eHealth technologies to enable the implementation of musculoskeletal Models of Care: Evidence and practice. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2016 Jun;30(3):483-502. doi: 10.1016/j.berh.2016.08.006. Review. PubMed PMID: 27886943.


Cott CA, Davis AM, Badley EM, Wong R, Canizares M, Li LC, Jones A, Brooks S, Ahlwalia V, Hawker G, Jaglal S, Landry M, MacKay C, Mosher D. Commonalities and differences in the implementation of models of care for arthritis: key informant interviews from Canada. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Aug 19;16(1):415. doi: 10.1186/s12913-016-1634-9. PubMed PMID: 27543108; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4992288.


Sibley K, Li L, Abbott JH. Increasing the Impact of Peer-Reviewed Publications Through Tailored Dissemination Strategies: Perspectives for Practice Feature in JOSPT. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Jul;46(7):500-1. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2016.0110. PubMed PMID: 27363569.


Guo Y, Kopec JA, Cibere J, Li LC, Goldsmith CH. Population Survey Features and Response Rates: A Randomized Experiment. Am J Public Health. 2016 Aug;106(8):1422-6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303198. Epub 2016 May 19. PubMed PMID: 27196650.


Davis AM, Palaganas M, Li LC. Public opinion on community-based education and exercise programs for managing hip and knee osteoarthritis-like symptoms: results of a survey. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2016 Mar 9;10:283-90. doi: 10.2147/PPA.S101717. eCollection 2016. PubMed PMID: 27022250; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4790486.


Gianola S, Castellini G, Agostini M, Bolotta R, Corbetta D, Frigerio P, Gasparini M, Gozzer P, Guariento E, Li LC, Pecoraro V, Sirtori V, Turolla A, Andreano A, Moja L. Reporting of Rehabilitation Intervention for Low Back Pain in Randomized Controlled Trials: Is the Treatment Fully Replicable? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Mar;41(5):412-8. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000001290. Review. PubMed PMID: 26926164.


Zhang C, Li L, Forster BB, Kopec JA, Ratzlaff C, Halai L, Cibere J, Esdaile JM. Femoroacetabular impingement and osteoarthritis of the hip. Can Fam Physician. 2015 Dec;61(12):1055-60. PubMed PMID: 26668284; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4677941.


Ratzlaff C, Zhang C, Korzan J, Josey L, Wong H, Cibere J, Prlic HM, Kopec JA, Esdaile JM, Li LC, Barber M, Forster BB. The validity of a non-radiologist reader in identifying cam and pincer femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) using plain radiography. Rheumatol Int. 2016 Mar;36(3):371-6. doi: 10.1007/s00296-015-3361-7. Epub 2015 Oct 3. PubMed PMID: 26433895.


Li L. Introduction to the ICBEB Special Focus. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2015;11(11):2640. doi: 10.1080/21645515.2015.1083662. PubMed PMID: 26359800; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4685697.


Clayton C, Feehan L, Goldsmith CH, Miller WC, Grewal N, Ye J, Yoo JY, Li LC. Feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a physical activity counseling intervention using Fitbit in people with knee osteoarthritis: the TRACK-OA study protocol. Pilot Feasibility Stud. 2015 Aug 22;1:30. eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 27965808; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5153859.


Agha A, Liu-Ambrose TY, Backman CL, Leese J, Li LC. Understanding the Experiences of Rural Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Using a New DVD-Delivered Otago Exercise Program: A Qualitative Study. Interact J Med Res. 2015 Aug 13;4(3):e17. doi: 10.2196/ijmr.4257. PubMed PMID: 26272163; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4705014.


Davis JC, Bryan S, Best JR, Li LC, Hsu CL, Gomez C, Vertes KA, Liu-Ambrose T. Mobility predicts change in older adults’ health-related quality of life: evidence from a Vancouver falls prevention prospective cohort study. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2015 Jul 15;13:101. doi: 10.1186/s12955-015-0299-0. PubMed PMID: 26168922; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4501103.


Davis JC, Bryan S, Li LC, Best JR, Hsu CL, Gomez C, Vertes KA, Liu-Ambrose T. Mobility and cognition are associated with wellbeing and health related quality of life among older adults: a cross-sectional analysis of the Vancouver Falls Prevention Cohort. BMC Geriatr. 2015 Jul 5;15:75. doi: 10.1186/s12877-015-0076-2. PubMed PMID: 26142897; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4491415.


Townsend A, Leese J, Adam P, McDonald M, Li LC, Kerr S, Backman CL. eHealth, Participatory Medicine, and Ethical Care: A Focus Group Study of Patients’ and Health Care Providers’ Use of Health-Related Internet Information. J Med Internet Res. 2015 Jun 22;17(6):e155. doi: 10.2196/jmir.3792. PubMed PMID: 26099267; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4526955.


Westby MD, Klemm A, Li LC, Jones CA. Emerging Role of Quality Indicators in Physical Therapist Practice and Health Service Delivery. Phys Ther. 2016 Jan;96(1):90-100. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20150106. Epub 2015 Jun 18. PubMed PMID: 26089040; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4706598.


Zong JY, Leese J, Klemm A, Sayre EC, Memetovic J, Esdaile JM, Li LC. Rheumatologists’ Views and Perceived Barriers to Using Patient Decision Aids in Clinical Practice. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2015 Oct;67(10):1463-70. doi: 10.1002/acr.22605. PubMed PMID: 25941019.


Toupin-April K, Barton J, Fraenkel L, Li L, Grandpierre V, Guillemin F, Rader T, Stacey D, Légaré F, Jull J, Petkovic J, Scholte-Voshaar M, Welch V, Lyddiatt A, Hofstetter C, De Wit M, March L, Meade T, Christensen R, Gaujoux-Viala C, Suarez-Almazor ME, Boonen A, Pohl C, Martin R, Tugwell PS. Development of a Draft Core Set of Domains for Measuring Shared Decision Making in Osteoarthritis: An OMERACT Working Group on Shared Decision Making. J Rheumatol. 2015 Dec;42(12):2442-7. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.141205. Epub 2015 Apr 15. Review. PubMed PMID: 25877502; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4607553.


Davis JC, Best JR, Bryan S, Li LC, Hsu CL, Gomez C, Vertes K, Liu-Ambrose T. Mobility Is a Key Predictor of Change in Well-Being Among Older Adults Who Experience Falls: Evidence From the Vancouver Falls Prevention Clinic Cohort. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Sep;96(9):1634-40. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2015.02.033. Epub 2015 Apr 8. PubMed PMID: 25862255; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4554765.


Li LC, van der Wees PJ. “Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do”. Phys Ther. 2015 Apr;95(4):486-91. doi: 10.2522/ptj.2015.95.4.486. PubMed PMID: 25838454.


Tatla SK, Shirzad N, Lohse KR, Virji-Babul N, Hoens AM, Holsti L, Li LC, Miller KJ, Lam MY, Van der Loos HF. Therapists’ perceptions of social media and video game technologies in upper limb rehabilitation. JMIR Serious Games. 2015 Mar 10;3(1):e2. doi: 10.2196/games.3401. PubMed PMID: 25759148; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4373832.


Ezzat AM, MacPherson K, Leese J, Li LC. The effects of interventions to increase exercise adherence in people with arthritis: a systematic review. Musculoskeletal Care. 2015 Mar;13(1):1-18. doi: 10.1002/msc.1084. Epub 2014 Nov 5. Review. PubMed PMID: 25752931.


Speerin R, Slater H, Li L, Moore K, Chan M, Dreinhöfer K, Ebeling PR, Willcock S, Briggs AM. Moving from evidence to practice: Models of care for the prevention and management of musculoskeletal conditions. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2014 Jun;28(3):479-515. doi: 10.1016/j.berh.2014.07.001. Epub 2014 Aug 16. Review. PubMed PMID: 25481427.


Guillemin F, Carruthers E, Li LC. Determinants of MSK health and disability–social determinants of inequities in MSK health. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2014 Jun;28(3):411-33. doi: 10.1016/j.berh.2014.08.001. Epub 2014 Sep 8. Review. PubMed PMID: 25481424.


Li L. Clinician’s Commentary on Winter Di Cola et al.(1.). Physiother Can. 2014 Summer;66(3):272-3. doi: 10.3138/ptc.2012-66-CC. PubMed PMID: 25125780; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4130405.


Hoens AM, Li LC. The Knowledge Broker’s “Fit” in the World of Knowledge Translation. Physiother Can. 2014 Summer;66(3):223-7. doi: 10.3138/ptc.66.3.GEE. English, French. PubMed PMID: 25125774; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4130398.


Bansback N, Li LC, Lynd L, Bryan S. Development and preliminary user testing of the DCIDA (Dynamic computer interactive decision application) for ‘nudging’ patients towards high quality decisions. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2014 Aug 1;14:62. doi: 10.1186/1472-6947-14-62. PubMed PMID: 25084808; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4130126.


Carruthers EC, Rogers P, Backman CL, Goldsmith CH, Gignac MA, Marra C, Village J, Li LC, Esdaile JM, Lacaille D. “Employment and arthritis: making it work” a randomized controlled trial evaluating an online program to help people with inflammatory arthritis maintain employment (study protocol). BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2014 Jul 21;14:59. doi: 10.1186/1472-6947-14-59. PubMed PMID: 25043631; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4123503.


Bansback N, Li LC, Lynd L, Bryan S. Exploiting order effects to improve the quality of decisions. Patient Educ Couns. 2014 Aug;96(2):197-203. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2014.05.021. Epub 2014 Jun 9. PubMed PMID: 24961445.


Ezzat AM, Li LC. Occupational physical loading tasks and knee osteoarthritis: a review of the evidence. Physiother Can. 2014 Winter;66(1):91-107. doi: 10.3138/ptc.2012-45BC. PubMed PMID: 24719516; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3941140.


Li LC, Adam PM, Backman CL, Lineker S, Jones CA, Lacaille D, Townsend AF, Yacyshyn E, Yousefi C, Tugwell P, Leese J, Stacey D. Proof-of-concept study of a Web-based methotrexate decision aid for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2014 Oct;66(10):1472-81. doi: 10.1002/acr.22319. PubMed PMID: 24623617.


Townsend A, Backman CL, Adam P, Li LC. Women’s accounts of help-seeking in early rheumatoid arthritis from symptom onset to diagnosis. Chronic Illn. 2014 Dec;10(4):259-72. doi: 10.1177/1742395314520769. Epub 2014 Feb 24. PubMed PMID: 24567194.


Roots RK, Brown H, Bainbridge L, Li LC. Rural rehabilitation practice: perspectives of occupational therapists and physical therapists in British Columbia, Canada. Rural Remote Health. 2014;14:2506. Epub 2014 Feb 17. PubMed PMID: 24528153.